What is export ?

The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country. The seller of such goods and services is referred to as an exporter; the foreign buyer is referred to as an importer.Export of goods often requires involvement of customs authorities. An export's counterpart is an import.Many manufacturing firms began their global expansion as exporters and only later switched to another mode for serving a foreign marketMethods of exporting a product or good or information include mail, hand delivery, air shipping, shipping by vessel, uploading to an internet site, or downloading from an internet site. Exports also include distribution of information sent as email, an email attachment, fax or in a telephone conversation.


  • International agreements limit trade in and the transfer of, certain types of goods and information e.g. goods associated with weapons of mass destruction, advanced telecommunications, arms and torture, and also some art and archaeological artefacts. For example:
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group limits trade in nuclear weapons and associated goods (۴۵ countries participate).
  • The Australia Group limits trade in chemical & biological weapons and associated goods (۳۹ countries).
  • Missile Technology Control Regime limits trade in the means of delivering weapons of mass destruction (۳۵ countries)
  • The Wassenaar Arrangement limits trade in conventional arms and technological developments (۴۰ countries)

Trade barriers are government laws, regulations, policy, or practices that either protect domestic products from foreign competition or artificially stimulate exports of particular domestic products. While restrictive business practices sometimes have a similar effect, they are not usually regarded as trade barriers. The most common foreign trade barriers are government-imposed measures and policies that restrict, prevent, or impede the international exchange of goods and services

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